Victory Day – May 9 1945


Tomorrow, May 9, is a Big Holiday – Victory Day.

“никто не забыт, ничто не забыто”

To understand what war mean to us just one fact:
”Casualties of the Soviet Union from all related causes were over 20,000,000, both civilians and military, although the statistics vary to a great extent largely”.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II_casualties_of_the_Soviet_Union

Victory Parade june 24 1945 on Red SquareFor our family, Victory Day always has been the day of remembrance and respect to all veterans and fallen heroes. We remember all civilians who worked in extreme hostile environments of war time to help their country to win this terrible war. We remember those who did not survive this terrible time.

My and my wife’s grandfathers were at World War II fighting Nazi and their allies and were killed. They died as heroes protecting their country and people.

Looking back from this time I proudly can say that they saved many innocent people in different countries from Nazi’s genocide.

Those starting the war had their own agenda, but those who protected their country and people had no choice but fight back till the victory.

As children we were taught that any war is bad and no reason can justify because wars destroy human lives and countries.

Please remember and respect the price our countries paid to liberate European countries and countries in Far East during World War II.

Military Cemetery in Zary, Poland

Military Cemetery in Zary, Poland

My wife’s grandfather from father’s side was killed in fight near Odessa in 1941, protecting Odessa city. Place of burial unknown.

Grandfather from mothers’ side was killed in fight near Leningrad (St. Petersburg now) in 1943, protecting Leningrad. Place of burial unknown.

My grandmother’s brother fought Nazis for 4 years and was killed in a battle on April 5, 1945, only one month before the Victory day.

He is buried at the War Cemetery in Cmentarz Wojskowy w Żarach – Military Cemetery – Zary, Poland

 

“Those who don’t know history are doomed to repeat it.”
― Edmund Burke

 

Victory day-Odessa Liberation Day

Victory day-Odessa Liberation Day

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Victory Day 8-9 May – 68th Anniversary of Victory in World War II


С Днем Победы-Victory Day 9 May

Victory Day on May 8 and May 9 Two separate capitulation events took place at the time

Tuesday 8 May 1945 was ‘Victory in Europe’ (VE) Day, and it marked the formal end of Hitler’s war.

With it came the end of six years of misery, suffering, courage and endurance across the world.

Two separate capitulation events took place at the time. First, the capitulation to the Allied nations in Reims was signed on 7 May 1945, effective 23:01 CET 8 May. This date is commonly referred to as the V-E Day (Victory in Europe Day) in most western European countries. The other World War II victory day, the V-J day (Victory in Japan Day) is commemorated in August, and is of considerably lesser significance in Europe.

However, the Soviet Union’s only representative in Reims was General Ivan Susloparov, the Military Liaison Mission Commander. General Susloparov’s scope of authority was not entirely clear, and he had no means of immediate contact with the Kremlin, but nevertheless decided to sign for the Soviet side.
Susloparov was caught off guard; he had no instructions from Moscow. But if he did not sign, he risked a German surrender without Soviet participation. However, he noted that it could be replaced with a new version in the future. Joseph Stalin was later displeased by these events, believing that the German surrender should have been accepted only by the envoy of the USSR Supreme command and signed only in Berlin and insisted the Reims protocol be considered preliminary, with the main ceremony to be held in Berlin, where Marshal Zhukov was at the time, as the latter recounts in his memoirs:

“ [Quoting Stalin:] Today, in Reims, Germans signed the preliminary act on an unconditional surrender.The main contribution, however, was done by Soviet people and not by the Allies, therefore the capitulation must be signed in front of the Supreme Command of all countries of the anti-Hitler coalition, and not only in front of the Supreme Command of Allied Forces. Moreover, I disagree that the surrender was not signed in Berlin, which was the center of Nazi aggression. We agreed with the Allies to consider the Reims protocol as preliminary. ” (

Therefore, another ceremony was organized in a surviving manor in the outskirts of Berlin late on 8 May, when it was already 9 May in Moscow due to the difference in time zones. Field-Marshal Wilhelm Keitel submitted the capitulation of the Wehrmacht to Marshal Georgy Zhukov in the Soviet Army headquarters in Berlin-Karlshorst. To commemorate the victory in the war, the ceremonial Moscow Victory Parade was held in the Soviet capital on 24 June 1945 (four years and two days after the beginning of Operation Barbarossa – the invasion of the Soviet Union).

Victory Day Parade in Moscow every year May 9

Victory Day Parade in Moscow every year May 9

Victory Day 9 May marks the capitulation of Nazi Germany to the Soviet Union in the Second World War (also known as the Great Patriotic War in the Soviet Union). It was first inaugurated in the fifteen republics of the Soviet Union, following the signing of the surrender document late in the evening on 8 May 1945 (after midnight, thus on 9 May, by Moscow Time). The Soviet government announced the victory early on 9 May after the signing ceremony in Berlin.

Though the official inauguration happened in 1945 (which means it has been celebrated since 1946), the holiday became a non-labour day only in 1965 and only in some of the countries.

In the former Soviet Union this festival was celebrated to commemorate the Red Army’s victory over the Nazi forces.

National WWII Memorial “Save Our History” Teachers Guide and Interactive TimelineHistory GuideThe History Channel� developed a teacher’s manual that accompanied its special on the National World War II Memorial. You can download the guide by clicking on the links below. The document is in two parts and can be viewed with Adobe’s Acrobat Reader. (Download Adobe Acrobat Reader here.)

Download:
Part 1 (334k)
Part 2 (205k)

The History Channel

Note: The American Battle Monuments Commission is no longer raising funds for the WWII Memorial. Please do not implement the fund raising suggestions provided in chapter IV of the Teacher’s Guide unless for a cause other than the National WWII Memorial.

Victory in World War II References: