All Winter Olympics Game Medals and Winner #Socialympics


The 2014 Winter Olympics

The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially the XXII Olympic Winter Games, or the 22nd Winter Olympics, is a major international multi-sport event being held in Sochi, Russia.

#Socialympics
The Winter Olympic Games
is a major international sporting event that occurs once every four years. The first celebration of the Winter Olympics was held in Chamonix, France, in 1924. The original sports were alpine and cross-country skiing, figure skating, ice hockey, Nordic combined, ski jumping and speed skating. The Games were held every four years from 1924 until 1936, after which they were interrupted by World War II. The Olympics resumed in 1948 and were celebrated every four years. The Winter and Summer Olympic Games were held in the same years until 1992, after a 1986 decision by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to place the Summer and Winter Games on separate four-year cycles in alternating even-numbered years. Because of the change, the next Winter Olympics after 1992 were in 1994.

XXII Olympic Winter Games Medals Count in Sochi 2014 Olympics : http://www.sochi2014.com/en/medals

The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially the XXII Olympic Winter Games, or the 22nd Winter Olympics, is a major international multi-sport event being held in Sochi, Russia. Officially scheduled for 7 February through 23 February 2014, opening rounds in figure skating, skiing, and snowboard competitions were held on the eve of the Opening Ceremony, 6 February 2014. Both the Olympics and 2014 Winter Paralympics are being organized by the Sochi Organizing Committee (SOC). Sochi was selected as the host city in July 2007, during the 119th IOC Session held in Guatemala City. The Sochi Olympics will be the first Olympics in the Russian Federation since the breakup of the USSR in 1991. The USSR was the host nation for the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.

98 events in 15 winter sport disciplines will be held throughout the Games.
A number of new competitions—a total of twelve accounting for gender—will be held during the Games, including biathlon mixed relay, women’s ski jumping, mixed-team figure skating, mixed-team luge, half-pipe skiing, ski and snowboard slopestyle, and snowboard parallel slalom. The events will be held around two clusters of new venues; an Olympic Park was constructed in Sochi’s Imeretinsky Valley on the coast of the Black Sea, with Fisht Olympic Stadium and the Games’ indoor venues located within walking distance, and snow events will be held in the resort settlement of Krasnaya Polyana.

Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics Game Medals and Winner

Medal count

Rank Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Russian Fed. 13 11 9 33
2 Norway 11 5 10 26
3 Canada 10 10 5 25
4 United States 9 7 12 28
5 Netherlands 8 7 9 24
6 Germany 8 6 5 19
7 Switzerland 6 3 2 11
8 Belarus 5 0 1 6
9 Austria 4 8 5 17
10 France 4 4 7 15
11 Poland 4 1 1 6
12 China 3 4 2 9
13 Korea 3 3 2 8
14 Sweden 2 7 6 15
15 Czech Republic 2 4 2 8
16 Slovenia 2 2 4 8
17 Japan 1 4 3 8
18 Finland 1 3 1 5
19 Great Britain 1 1 2 4
20 Ukraine 1 0 1 2
21 Slovakia 1 0 0 1
22 Italy 0 2 6 8
23 Latvia 0 2 2 4
24 Australia 0 2 1 3
25 Croatia 0 1 0 1
26 Kazakhstan 0 0 1 1
Albania 0 0 0 0
Andorra 0 0 0 0
Argentina 0 0 0 0
Armenia 0 0 0 0
Azerbaijan 0 0 0 0
Belgium 0 0 0 0
Bermuda 0 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0 0
Bulgaria 0 0 0 0
Cayman Islands 0 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0 0
Chinese Taipei 0 0 0 0
Cyprus 0 0 0 0
Denmark 0 0 0 0
Dominica 0 0 0 0
Estonia 0 0 0 0
Georgia 0 0 0 0
Greece 0 0 0 0
Hong Kong, CHN 0 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0 0
Iceland 0 0 0 0
Independent Olympic Participant 0 0 0 0
India 0 0 0 0
IR Iran 0 0 0 0
Ireland 0 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0 0
Kyrgyzstan 0 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0 0
Liechtenstein 0 0 0 0
Lithuania 0 0 0 0
Luxembourg 0 0 0 0
Malta 0 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0 0
Monaco 0 0 0 0
Mongolia 0 0 0 0
Montenegro 0 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0 0
New Zealand 0 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0 0
Paraguay 0 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0 0
Philippines 0 0 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0 0
Rep. of Moldova 0 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0 0
San Marino 0 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0 0
Spain 0 0 0 0
Tajikistan 0 0 0 0
Thailand 0 0 0 0
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 0 0 0 0
Timor-Leste 0 0 0 0
Togo 0 0 0 0
Tonga 0 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0 0
Uzbekistan 0 0 0 0
Venezuela 0 0 0 0
Virgin Isl, B 0 0 0 0
Virgin Isl, US 0 0 0 0
Zimbabwe 0 0 0 0

List of All Winter Olympics Game Medals and Winner Before Sochi 2014

Rank Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Norway 107 106 90 303
2 United States 87 95 71 253
3 USSR 78 57 59 194
4 Germany 68 72 48 188
5 Austria 55 70 76 201
6 Canada 52 45 48 145
7 Sweden 48 33 48 129
8 Switzerland 44 37 46 127
9 Finland 41 59 56 156
10 GDR 39 36 35 110
11 Italy 37 32 37 106
12 Russian Fed. 36 29 26 91
13 Netherlands 29 31 26 86
14 France 27 27 40 94
15 Korea 23 14 8 45
16 FRG 13 15 13 41
17 China 9 18 17 44
18 Japan 9 13 15 37
19 Unified Team 9 6 8 23
20 Great Britain 9 3 10 22
21 Olympic United Team of Germany 8 6 5 19
22 Czech Republic 5 5 6 16
23 Australia 5 1 3 9
24 Croatia 4 5 1 10
25 Estonia 4 2 1 7
26 Czechoslovakia 2 8 15 25
27 Poland 2 6 6 14
28 Liechtenstein 2 2 5 9
29 Belarus 1 4 4 9
31 Bulgaria 1 2 3 6
30 Kazakhstan 1 3 2 6
=33 Belgium 1 1 3 5
=33 Ukraine 1 1 3 5
32 Slovakia 1 2 1 4
35 Spain 1 0 1 2
36 Uzbekistan 1 0 0 1
38 Slovenia 0 2 5 7
39 Hungary 0 2 4 6
37 Yugoslavia 0 3 1 4
40 Latvia 0 2 1 3
42 DPR Korea 0 1 1 2
41 Luxembourg 0 2 0 2
45 Romania 0 0 1 1
=43 Denmark 0 1 0 1
=43 New Zealand 0 1 0 1
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Russia Celebrates 200th Anniversary of 1812 Patriotic-War


Borodino battle was the key battle of French-Russian war 1812

200th anniversary of Borodino battle. Borodino battle was the key battle of French-Russian war 1812

Russia celebrates 200th anniversary of 1812 Patriotic War
Сегодня ровно 200 лет Великому Сражению!

The Patriotic War of 1812 began on June 24 when the Napoleonic army entered the Russian Empire.
The Borodino Battle took place between the Russian army led by Mikhail Kutuzov and the French troops commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte in the village of Borodino 125 km to the west from Moscow on September 7, 1812.
“September 7, 1812, was a day that perpetuated the heroism of Russian soldiers, becoming an eternal memorial to their indomitable courage.”
That’s how Russia’s Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov described it after engaging Napoleon’s army in a bloody battle near the village of Borodino 150 km west of Moscow.

The Borodino Battle lasted for six hours and resulted in the retreat of the Russian army.

The Borodino Battle death toll was extremely high with up to 8,500 people dying on both sides every hour.

The Battle of Borodino (Russian: Бородинское сражение, Borodinskoe srazhenie

; French: Bataille de la Moskova), fought on September 7, 1812, was the largest and bloodiest single-day action of the French invasion of Russia and all Napoleonic Wars, involving more than 250,000 troops and resulting in at least 70,000 casualties.

Mikhail Kutuzov at the Battle of Borodino by A...

Mikhail Kutuzov at the
Battle of Borodino by Anatoly Pavlovich Shepelyuk (1906-1972), 1952
(State Borodino War and History Museum and Reserve, Borodino, Moscow
Oblast) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The French Grande Armée under Emperor Napoleon I attacked the Imperial Russian Army of General Mikhail Kutuzov near the village of Borodino, west of the town of Mozhaysk, and eventually captured the main positions on the battlefield, but failed to destroy the Russian army despite heavy losses.

Mikhail Kutuzov  was a Field Marshal of the Russian Empire

Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov was a Field Marshal of the Russian Empire

About a third of Napoleon’s soldiers were killed or wounded; Russian losses were also heavy, but her casualties could be replaced since large forces of militia were already with the Russian Army and replacement depots which were close by had already been gathering and training troops.

The battle itself ended with the Russian Army out of position.

The state of exhaustion of the French forces and lack of information on the Russian Army’s condition led Napoleon to remain on the battlefield with his army instead of the forced pursuit that had marked other campaigns that he had conducted in the past.

The entirety of Napoleon’s Imperial Guard, however, was still available to his disposition and in refusing to implement it he lost his singular chance to destroy the Russian army.

The Russians consider it their victory although the Russian army had to retreat after a battle that was inconclusive in the military sense.

Nevertheless, Napoleon failed to conquer Russia and was ousted from the country by late December.

The Russians let the Napoleonic army occupy Moscow, which had been
almost completely burnt down, but cut his overstretched supply lines and
forced him to retreat a month later. The regrouped and reinforced
Russian Army then drove Napoleon’s freezing and starved forces out of
Russia and all the way to Paris

Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821)

“Of the fifty battles I have fought, the most terrible was that before Moscow,” Napoleon Bonaparte later recalled. “The French showed themselves to be worthy victors, and the Russians can rightly call themselves invincible.”

«Из всех моих сражений самое ужасное то, которое я дал под Москвой. Французы в нём показали себя достойными одержать победу, а русские стяжали право быть непобедимыми…” (Наполеон I Бонапарт)

The battle at Borodino was a pivotal point in the campaign, as it was the last offensive action fought by Napoleon in Russia. By withdrawing, the Russian army preserved its combat strength, eventually allowing it to force Napoleon out of the country.

Historical reports of the battle differed markedly depending on
whether they originated from supporters of the French or Russian sides. Factional
fighting between senior officers within each army also led to
conflicting accounts and disagreements over the roles of particular
individuals.There’s still some historical dispute about who won the battle of Borodino. On the one hand Mikhail Kutuzov ordered his army to retreat and abandon Moscow.
On the other hand, this battle became the turning point in the war, and the French army was badly weakened for the first time.

1812 Battle of Borodino map

Map of the troops positions in Borodino Battle

Map of the troops positions in the morning of September, 7, 1812. Battle of Borodino or Bataille de la Moskowa in french. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“Where are the POWs?” Napoleon would wonder as his army fought its way deeper into Russia.

He, who had easily subdued half of Europe and had crowned himself Emperor of France, was amazed at the unprecedented degree of resistance he had little expected to encounter.

More than 250,000 soldiers clashed on the Borodino field about 50 square km in area in the early morning of September 7 two centuries ago. About a thousand cannons traded crossfire almost incessantly from dawn to sunset.

The losses on both sides were enormous – 2,500 men per every hour of fighting, says historian Andrei Sakharov, a correspondence member of the Academy of Sciences:

“There were several aspects to the Borodino battle. First and foremost, there was a huge moral aspect for the Russian army, for the people of Russia and for the Russian history.

The battle ended in a draw, so to say. Neither the French won, nor the Russians backed down.

Both sides maintained their positions. But the fact that the Russian army withstood the onslaught of the monstrous colossus – Napoleon the Invincible – was absolutely incredible.”

Battle of Borodino mapCarl von Clausewitz, a Prussian officer and military theorist who took part in the 1812 campaign, thought that the only way to conquer Russia was to try to play on the internal contradictions between its power and its people, otherwise it was unconquerable, he said. The Battle of Borodino showed that, unfortunately for Napoleon, there were no contradictions. Andrei Sakharov:

“Why is the 1812 war called Patriotic? Because it united the nation and that unity vividly manifested itself at Borodino.”

War 1812 Battle of Borodino mapNapoleon described Borodino as the greatest battle he had ever fought. And indeed, it was the bloodiest battle of the 19th century. The death toll on both sides totaled about 100,000. But though he had suffered no defeat at Borodino, Napoleon still lost the war. Why?

“Because, says historian Vadim Roginsky, Napoleon failed to reach the main goal – to crush the Russian army. And that predetermined to a large extent the unfavorable outcome for him.”

A few months after Borodino, Napoleon’s Grande Armee was completely routed. Later, he called his invasion of Russia a “fatal mistake”.

Russia celebrates 200th anniversary of 1812 Patriotic War

Russia celebrates 200th anniversary of 1812 Patriotic War 

Souses:

http://patrioticwarof1812.com/

http://patrioticwarof1812.com/2012/04/01/invasion-of-russia/

http://english.people.com.cn/102774/7936097.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleonic_War
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon

http://rbth.ru/borodino

http://rbth.ru/articles/2012/09/03/200-year_history_napoleons_army_is_back_to_borodino_17891.html